D-12.07 Name & Request Things with Adjectives + Nouns + Prepositional Phrases
D APPLY GRAMMAR
Adjectives Before Nouns;Prepositions of “Things”; Adverbs & Prepositional Phrases of “Help” - Life Skills 1
Who It’s For: Teachers, Helpers, & Learners at Novice to Beginning Language & Literacy Proficiency Levels
Why It’s Useful: Some “secondary” (less vital) Parts of Speech that come up at the very beginning of English-language instruction are Adjectives, Prepositions, and Adverbs. Along with Nouns—and later, Imperative Verbs, these often appear in segments aimed at these basic language competencies: Describing Things; Making & Answering Requests for Things; Following & Giving Street Directions.
What You’ll Do:
 Read (aloud) the Thought Balloons of the page 14 Strip Story, “Six Small Cups.” Notice that all its noun phrases include the article a/an, numbers, and/or adjectives useful in “Describing Things.” Use the illustrated Grammar Explanation Boxes and the related Exercises A-B to insure understanding of both the grammar and significance of the language. Use *C to go beyond the text in naming tangible things.
 Read (aloud) the Speech Balloons of the page 17 Strip Story, “Give me a box of pencils, please.” Noting that many of the noun phrases include prepositions of location or purpose, in the related Grammar Box and items of Exercises A-B, identify and compare elements of phrases: (a / an) + (adjective + ) noun + preposition + (a / an / the) + (adjective + ) noun object. Use *C for listening, spelling, and writing practice.
 Use the page 42 Strip Story, “Go two blocks south on Central Avenue,” for speaking practice and to recognize the elements of full sentences with (subject) + imperative or simple present modal + verb (+ adverb) ( + noun object ) + prepositional phrase. By completing and checking Exercises A-D, get familiar with sentence patterns that efficiently give street directions. Use Exercise *E to practice asking and giving directions to (familiar) real places in your school or neighborhood.