D-15.01 Combine Clauses to Show Connections Between Ideas, Contrasts, Results, & Time Relationships
D. APPLY GRAMMAR
Unit 13: Parts One, Two, & Four of Chapter 8: Joining Sentences (“Health & Illness”) of WorkLife English Grammar 3: An Immigration Story, pages 129-139, 144-145
Who It’s For: (Self-)Teachers & Helpers at Intermediate & Beyond Proficiency Levels Ready to Understand & Form Longer, Better-Sounding Sentences of Relational Clauses
Why It’s Useful: In media and online speech & writing, most full sentences consist of (Independent) Clauses only, which usually work adequately for explicit purposes. Even so, to efficiently show relationships among ideas or thoughts, (almost) fluent English users will naturally begin combining short sentences with Coordinating Conjunctions such as and, or, but, or so. Soon to follow will be Subordinate Conjunctions of Cause & Effect or Time Relationships. These excerpts provide a good start.
What You’ll Do:
 In perusing the page 129 Chapter 8: Health & Illness Opener, notice how the parsed Grammar Topics address purposes that go beyond one-clause sentences. Anticipate how “Related Ideas,” “Contrasts,” “Results,” and “Time Relationship” might be expressed in Competency-Based Contexts like “Emergency Medical Care, Services, Costs, Insurance,” and the like.
 In Part One on pages 130-134, introduce yourselves and others to “Sentence Joining” while reading (aloud) the Strip Story, “A neighbor is upset about his son’s injuries.” Appreciating its practical real-life Content, in SectionsA-*F, follow instructions and use cues to connect Independent Clauses with sentence-combining vocabulary: and. . .too / either, but, so (that), (either . . .)or. Finally, use longer sentences to express of what you know or can do in medical emergencies.
 In Part Two on pages 135-143, follow similar steps. This time, get what you need regarding content and/or sentence structure from the Story, “Carlos finds out about emergency care.” Learn to create Time Clauses in SectionsA-*F, which refer to Verb Tenses. Then hear and/or tell about possibilities for Health Care Planning.
 Briefly review “Connecting Words” in Part Four on pages 144-145.